Ávila is naturally divided into two sections. The northern portion is generally level and mainly agricultural. The southern division is one mass of rugged granitic sierras, interspersed, however, with sheltered and well-watered valleys, abounding with rich vegetation. The winter here, especially in the elevated region of the Paramera and the waste lands of Ávila, is long and severe, but the climate is not unhealthy.
The province is famous for sheep meat, lamb meat and sausages (embutidos). Many residents have moved to other parts of Spain where it is easier to find work. Because of the forests and the mountains (the Castilian Meseta, a raised plateau) it is a popular holiday area; former residents often have a second home in this province. Residents with land adjacent to a forest, and that is almost everywhere, are entitled to part of the logging every year. The river Duero rises and runs through the province.